The Basics Of Self-Organization
Before going into the heart of the matter and the method to become a self-entrepreneur, sweep some questions and preconceived ideas about this regime, much less obscure than one might think!
Becoming A Self-Entrepreneur Means What?
Self-employment - also known as micro-enterprise since the status reform in 2015 - is a simplified scheme that allows you to operate as a sole proprietorship.
It is NOT a legal form, but a simplified version of business creation, regarding administration, accounting and taxation.
This made in France device exists since 2009,ut continues to evolve each year. In total, more than 220,000 French became self-entrepreneurs in 2016.
To start your project, to test activity or to begin your professional transition, the self-organization is the ideal solution. The process is inexpensive in time - a simple statement and ten minutes of your time are enough - and free.
You are taxed only on what you earn. If your turnover is zero, you do not take any levy. It is, therefore, an excellent income supplement. You can combine self-employment with paid employment, part-time work and even your civil service status. You can start your business immediately and bill your first benefits without delay.
Your accounting obligations are minimal. You are merely required to keep a cookbook up to date and keep supporting documents (invoices, quotes ...). You are exempt from VAT: all your declared profits are therefore considered "duty-free." We are talking about "VAT-based franchise."
What's The Scam?
To continue to enjoy the status, you must not exceed a specific annual turnover.
The ceiling to be respected depends on the type of activity exercised. Liberal events are distinguished from commercial and artisan activities. In other words, those who offer services and those who sell products. The thresholds are:
- € 82,800 for a commercial, craft and accommodation activity,
- € 33,200 for a liberal movement and service delivery.
If you exceed these thresholds, you enter a "tolerance period." You can still enjoy the status of self-business for two consecutive years. At the end of the third year, you lose the VAT exemption, and after the fourth, you switch to the individual business regime, much more greedy and administrative.
Who Is Concerned?
Everyone can become a self-entrepreneur. The status also adapts to all types of projects: craft, trade and service delivery.
You can practice your activity as a mainstay if you want to take a new professional start for example. Or in addition to a salaried action, your studies or your retirement.
Create Your Box In A Few Clicks
Becoming a self-entrepreneur does not cost you a penny, does not commit you to anything and allows you to test your project in real professional conditions. Since 1 st January 2016, all registration is done online.
For the moment, you need only a voucher: your identity document accompanied by proof of honor ( see photo below ).
Step 1: Start The Registration
Go to the microentrepreneurs portal, the autoentrepreneur.fr and click on the CFE tab. Scroll down the page and click on the red "Declare your activity start" button.
Step 2: Describe Your Activity
A precise and relevant description of your activity is essential! After your choice, you will be assigned an APE (Main Activity Exercise) code. You will automatically enter one of three categories of activity: commercial, liberal or craft. Depending on your result, you will not have the same turnover cap or contribution rates ...
This code allows INSEE to produce statistics on your sector. It also allows you to appear in the research of potential customers or project holders interested in your field of activity.
Step 3: Your Civil Information
Depending on your description, you will be allocated a pension fund and social security cover. You will not have to do anything other than this registration. Your CFE (Business Formalities Center) will take care of the rest.
Fill out the form (very traditional) indicating all the usual information (name, address, date of birth, etc.).
Step 4: Collaborative Spouse, Kezako?
If you are married or pacsé, you can integrate your spouse into your business thanks to this option. If you want to develop your business, it is an alternative to hiring an employee or subcontracting specific activities ...
The collaborating spouse is not paid but participates actively and regularly in your self-organization. This avoids creating an employee status and adding to your expenses, expenses, and paperwork.
He enjoys universal coverage similar to yours, can take care of all the administration on behalf of your company. He also earns a right to vocational training.
Step 5: Unemployed And Self-Entrepreneur?
ACRE is a help for all job seekers who start or start a business. This is an exemption from social security contributions (family benefits, health insurance, maternity, etc.) during the first year of activity.
Step 6: EIRL (Individual Contractor With Limited Liability) Or Not?
Small French law course: as a self-entrepreneur, you only train one person with your company. In other words, there is no distinction between your personal and professional wealth.
In case of indebtedness, your creditors have the right to "get paid back" on your personal belongings, such as a car, a TV or a camera.